INDIGENOUS PEOPLE ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR PROTECTING 80% OF BIODIVERSITY
Indigenous peoples continue to rely on forest resources for their survival, especially hunting and gathering of wild plants.
A group of researchers from the Autonomous University of Barcelona questioned the current indigenous practices regarding the use of forests and their biodiversity in a world worried about the effects of global warming.
To answer such questions, these students spent three and a half years with three native groups in Borneo, the Congo Basin and the Amazon.
During this study, they were in charge of analyzing routines, social practices and ways of interacting with the environment. This is how the researchers realized that while indigenous peoples face cultural and economic changes that threaten their relationship with the environment, there are important methods for biodiversity conservation; As it is shared in the text below:
In tropical forest conservation policies it is necessary to incorporate local culture from a biocultural approach; That is, to create partnerships with the indigenous populations, who have the tools and the knowledge to face the challenges of the environment.
Essential to inform and promote the recognition of human rights in indigenous communities; Such as: the right to self-determination, gender equality, well-being and integral development as a people, according to the identity, tradition and customs that pertain to each village, that the state fully recognize its juridical personality respecting the forms of organization And to promote the full exercise of rights, to maintain, express and develop their cultural identity, to be free from racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia, other forms of intolerance, their own identity and cultural integrity and cultural heritage, Or self-government in matters of internal affairs, involuntary isolation living freely and in accordance with their cultures, to enjoy all the rights and guarantees that are recognized by national labor law and international labor law, and finally to land, Territories and resources they have traditionally owned or acquired.
It is crucial to promote the transfer of environmental knowledge between generations and thus prevent people from becoming aware of the changes taking place in the ecosystem.
Currently, native peoples protect about 80% of the planet’s biodiversity in their territory, but they are the legal owners of only 11% of these lands. In fact, indigenous peoples remain dependent on forest resources for their survival, especially the hunting and gathering of wild plants.
It is a unique knowledge about the environment that is being wasted, denigrated and despised. Thus recognizing human rights violations against indigenous peoples, including killings and abuses against activists, is only the first steps to take care not only of the heritage of these communities, but also the well-being of our planet and its biodiversity. It would be worth taking some of these practices into our modern lifestyle.