HOW FOOD CHANGED HUMANITY!

History of our subsistence!

Food in Prehistory

Food in Prehistory

For historians, one of the most important methods to identify periods in the history of mankind is the record of eating habits, which have been recorded over time, as well as prehistoric, studied and cataloged findings. There is a great historical collection, from different sources and cultures.

Man reinvented the way food was prepared and this was part of the whole evolutionary process, the gastronomy walked along with humanity, and together they went to every corner of the world.

Our body has shaped itself over the years to keep up with our diet, we start to evolve the stomach and consequently to develop a bigger brain.

Man has always been omnivorous, that is, if he fed both plants and animals, historians can determine types of feeding between animals through the dentition or dental arch.

Paleolithic period

periodo paleolitico - paleolithic - Food in Prehistory

Early hominids, who lived about 2 million years ago, the Homo erectus, hunted animals or stole carcasses from other predators. They also began to have contact with fire, and over the years to develop techniques to carry it out. In the Middle Paleolithic to the upper (200,000 to 10,000 BC) man hunted larger animals: bear, elephant, rhinoceros, mammoths, bison and this depended greatly on each region.

In the transition phase between the end of the Paleolithic period and the beginning of the Mesolithic period, according to dental arch studies, man was already consuming grains and grains at this time (12,000 to 10,000 BC), since canine teeth, usually notorious in carnivorous animals , Gradually decreased, accompanying the insertion of these new foods, which could also be transported and then cooked or prepared.

Mesolithic Period

(Transition between Paleolithic and Neolithic)

periodo mesolitico - Mesolithic - Food in Prehistory

When it passes to the Mesolithic period of (10,000 to 5000 BC), a period where there was the incursion of an ice age, the man already ate smaller animals and also used the fishery, collection of fruits and cereals. The man in this period was still nomadic, so he lived migrating from one region to another behind food sources.

Neolithic Period

periodo neolitico - Neolithic - Food in Prehistory

Already in the Neolithic period called the “new stone” or “polished stone”, it was the time that man began to settle down and colonize regions, through the discovery of the germination of grains, “those he had discovered as a new source of Food “, began to develop agriculture, later to domesticate small animals, and performing their small creations. Beginning of Agriculture and Livestock.

This transition was a great leap because we could get food for animals, food for the table, and through trial and error, we were discovering the chemical interaction between food, how to prepare pasta for example the biblical bread. Among these attempts, one was striking in Sumer (5,000 BC), a raw mass of bread made from barley with water was forgotten, and the fermentation, which is the result of this combination, originated the first beer dated by historians. Currently one of the most consumed drinks in the world.

To be continued…

Published chapters:

  • Prehistoric food;
  • Food of Antiquity – Mesopotamia;
  • Food of Antiquity – Egypt;
  • Food of the Classical Age;
  • Feeding of the Middle Ages;
  • The Great Navigations;
  • The New Kitchen (La Nouvelle Cuisine);
  • Contemporary Scenery.

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